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Plants found in the vicinity of the Railroad Bridge Park
and the Dungeness River Natural History Center

A Preliminary List provided by trip leader Diane Doss for an April 1998 Field Trip of the Washington Native Plant Society, Olympic Peninsula Chapter.

PART 1: NATIVE VASCULAR PLANTS

Coniferous Trees
Common Name
Scientific Name
Comments
Douglas fir Pseudotsuga menziesii Cigar-shaped buds

Grand fir

Abies Grandis

Shiny dark flat needles

Western hemlock

Tsuga heterophylla

Shade-tolerant, drooping tip

Western redcedar

Thuja plicata

Bark peels in strips

Pacific yew

Taxus brevifolia

Uncommon, slow-growing

Deciduous Trees
Common Name
Scientific Name
Comments

Red alder

Alnus rubra

Early-succession, N-fixing

Bitter cherry

Prunus emarginata

Occasional

Black cottonwood

Populus trichocarpa

Fragments sprout in riverbed

Bigleaf maple

Acer macrophyllum

Sun & shade

Shrubs
Common Name
Scientific Name
Comments

Pacific blackberry

Rubus ursinus

Small native blackberry

Blackcap

Rubus leucodermis

Black raspberry

Oregon boxwood

Pachistima myrsinites

Slow growing groundcover

Red-flowering currant

Ribes sanguineum

Long-blooming beauty

Red-osier dogwood

Cornus stolonifera

Red stems

Blue elderberry

Sambucus cerulea

Red elderberry

Sambucus racemosa

Coast black gooseberry

Ribes divaricatum

Hazelnut

Corulus cornuta

Orange honeysuckle

Lonicera ciliosa

Our native vine; hummingbirds

Douglas maple

Acer glabrum

Mockorange

Philadelphus lewisii

Uncommon; one in N parking lot

Ocean spray

Holodiscus discolor

Great little-bird food

Dull Oregongrape

Berberis nervosa

Common, short, 9-19 leaflets

Shining Oregongrape

Berberis aquifolium

Tall, 5-9 leaflets

Osoberry (Indian plum)

Oemleria cerasiformis

Earliest blooming shrub

Baldhip rose

Rosa gymnocarpa

Tiny roses, small spines

Nootka rose

Rosa nutkana

Thorny

Gaultheria shallon

Outstanding groundcover

Salmonberry

Rubus spectabilis

First ripe berry

Snowberry

Symphoricarpos albus

White berries all winter

Thimbleberry

Rubus parviflorus

White papery rose-flowers

Scouler's willow

Salix scouleri

Sitka willow

Salix sitchensis

Underleaves are silky

Ferns & Horsetails
Common Name
Scientific Name
Comments

Bracken fern

Pteridium aquilinum

Open

Lady fern

Athyrium filix-femina

Wet areas

Spreading wood-fern

Dryopteris austriaca

Dry, shady

Sword fern

Polystichum munitum

Our most common fern

Common horsetail

Equisetum arvense

Open

Giant horsetail

Equisetum telmateia

Moist, shady; large

Herbs
Common Name
Scientific Name
Comments

Baneberry

Actaea rubra

Bedstraw

Galium sp.

Fragrant bedstraw

Galium triflorum

Bleeding-heart

Dicentra formosa

Large-flowered collomia

Collomia grandiflora

Riverbed

Coltsfoot

Petasites frigidus

Moist

Fireweed

Epilobium augustifolium

Goatsbeard

Aruncus sylvester

Goldenrod

Solidago canadensis

Cooley's hedgenettle

Stachys cooleyae

"stinky" mint

Miner's lettuce

Montia perfoliata

Mitrewort

Mitella sp.

Common monkeyflower

Mimulus guttatus

Moist

Musky monkeyflower (?)

Mimulus moschatus (?)

Moist

Pearly everlasting

Anaphalis margaritacea

Stinging nettle

Urtica dioica

Phacelia

Phacelia sp.

"washdown" from mountains

Piggy-back plant

Tolmiea menziesii

"Youth-on-age"; houseplant

Dewey's sedge

Carex deweyana

Forest

Self-heal

Prunella vulgaris

False solomon's-seal

Smilacina racemosa

Starry solomon's-seal

Smilacina stellata

Western springbeauty

Montia sibirica

Western starflower

Trientalis latifolia

Strawberry

Fragaria sp.

Wooly sunflower

Eriophyllum lanatum

Dry, open

Trail-plant

Adenocaulon bicolor

White leaf undersides

Trillium

Trillium ovatum

Picking leaves may kill plant

Nodding trisetum

Trisetum cernuum

A grass of the forest

Twinflower

Linnaea borealis

E'green groundcover; honeysuckle family

Vanilla leaf

Achlys triphylla

Slender-stem waterleaf

Hydrophyllum tenuipes

Moist

Willowherb

Epilobium sp.

Watson's willowherb

Epilobium watsonii

Small-flowered woodrlush

Luzula parviflora

Yarrow

Achillea millefolium

PART 2: NON-NATIVE SPECIES

Shrubs
Common Name
Scientific Name
Comments

Evergreen blackberry

Rubus laciniatus

 

Himalaya blackberry

Rubus discolor

 

Butterfly bush

Buddleja davidii

 

Scot's broom

Cytisus scoparius

 

Tree lupine

Lupinus arboreus

 

Herbs
Common Name
Scientific Name
Comments

Alfalfa

Medicago sativa

 

Catchfly

Silene alba or vulgaris

 

Comfrey

Symphytum sp.

 

Creeping buttercup

Ranunculus repens

 

Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale

 

Hairy cat's-ear

Hypochaeris radicata

 

Dutch clover

Trifolium repens

 

Least hop-clover

Trifolium dubium

 

Creeping charlie

Glecoma hederacea

 

Oxeye daisy

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

 

Curly dock

Rumex crispus

 

Forget-me-not

Myosotis spp.

 

Foxglove

Digitalis purpurea

 

Herb Robert

Geranium robsertianum

Shade-tolerant; serious threat to forest communities

Giant knotweed

Polygonum sachalinense

 

Japanese knotweed

Polygonum cuspidatum

 

Wall lettuce

Lactuca muralis

 

Nipplewort

Lapsana communis

 

Orchardgrass

Dactylis glomerata

 

Common plantain

Plantago major

 

English plantain

Plantago lanceolata

 

Queen Anne's lace

Daucus carota

 

Sowthistle

Sonchus ar

 

White sweetclover

Meliotus alba

 

Bull thistle

Cirsium

 

Canada thistle

Cirsium arvense var. horridum

 

Velvet grass

Holcus lanatus

 

End-Notes:

1. Scientific Names are from Hitchcock & Cronquist, 1973 - see reference below.
2. Many of the plants on the native plants list above are delightful in the landscape - see Kruckeberg reference below.

Editors' Note: Notations of edible plants that were included on the WNPS field trip list have been omitted from this web-site list. Persons not expert at plant identification should be cautious regarding edible plant materials as some, for example some attractive red berries, are reportedly highly toxic.

References:

Hitchcock & Cronquist. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle.
Kruckeberg, A. R., 1982. Gardening with Native Plants of the Pacific Northwest. University of Washington Press, Seattle.
Mathews, Daniel, 1988. Cascade-Olympic Natural History. Raven Editions/Portland Audubon Society, Portland.
Pojar, J. & A. MacKinnon. 1994. Plants of the Pacific Northwest Coast. British Columbia Ministry of Forests & Lone Pine Publishing, Vancouver, B. C.

For additional plants exhibits see also Pat Holden's 1991 Plant Survey and Steve Koehler's "Trees of the Dungeness".